Three significant events in the world of standardized testing over the past few months

Screen_Shot_2016-01-13_at_12_53_41_PM 2

  1. More universities are dropping the SAT/ACT writing requirement
  • Harvard
  • Yale
  • University of San Diego
  • Princeton
  • Stanford
  • California Institute of Technology
  • Brown
  • Duke

     2. More universities went test optional

  • University of Chicago
  • University of New England
  • Sweet Briar College

     3. The June SAT grading scale has caused many to question its fairness.

Check out the new Frequently Asked Questions section on our website for more information on standardized testing and the college process.

Getting Started on College Applications - The Application Platforms

Business desk concept - LearningSummer is a great time to start college applications.

With this, many people ask, "How do I get started?"

Once you select where you are interested in applying, check which application type the college or university accepts.

There are four main college application platforms. Which you use is dependent upon which type is accepted by the college to which you are applying.

1. The Common App

Common App Tour (6min video)

If your school uses Naviance, you need to use the same email address and date of birth that you used to create your Common App account in order to match your Common App and Naviance accounts. Ask your guidance counselor which email to use if you are unsure. You will also need to add at least one school to your My Colleges list and complete the FERPA waiver in the Common App before matching can be completed.

A PDF Quick Guide to the Common App

FERPA and Your Application

2. Coalition Application

Coalition Application

Quick Guide to the Coalition Application

3. Universal College Application

The Universal College Application

4. School Specific Applications

Sample PDF of Virginia Tech Application (also available in an online format)


- Sandy Aprahamian - EDNavigators LLC

How to Interpret PSAT Scores

What do my PSAT scores mean?PSAT scores are out today and many students and parents are wondering exactly what the scores mean. As an Educational Consultant, I attend many meetings and webinars with people in the field of College Admissions.  Two test prep companies (whose information I value) recently provided the following charts which are helpful and accurate in interpreting scores.

Inspiration for Mothers of Teens

I had the opportunity to speak with Randi Crawford of FeelingFabulousPodcast recently.  Randi is an inspiration for mothers of teens. She has spoken with extremely impressive and accomplished mothers who have great stories and motivation to share.  Click on the Zebra to listen to why Randi started her podcast. Screen Shot 2017-11-17 at 12.07.30 PM

Click on the image below to listen to my interview.

Meet Sandy AprahamianEdNavigatorsShe will help you

And for continued inspiration click here to access the podcasts of the amazing women Randi has interviewed.

2017-2018 Common App Essay Prompts

2017-2018 Common Application Essay Prompts650 word limit 1. Some students have a background, identity, interest, or talent that is so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it. If this sounds like you, then please share your story.

2. The lessons we take from obstacles we encounter can be fundamental to later success. Recount a time when you faced a challenge, setback, or failure. How did it affect you, and what did you learn from the experience?

3. Reflect on a time when you questioned or challenged a belief or idea. What prompted your thinking? What was the outcome?

4. Describe a problem you've solved or a problem you'd like to solve. It can be an intellectual challenge, a research query, an ethical dilemma - anything that is of personal importance, no matter the scale. Explain its significance to you and what steps you took or could be taken to identify a solution.

5. Discuss an accomplishment, event, or realization that sparked a period of personal growth and a new understanding of yourself or others.

6. Describe a topic, idea, or concept you find so engaging that it makes you lose all track of time. Why does it captivate you? What or who do you turn to when you want to learn more?

7. Share an essay on any topic of your choice. It can be one you've already written, one that responds to a different prompt, or one of your own design. 

Things to Consider in Deciding Between the ACT and the SAT (as of January 2017)

  screen-shot-2017-01-09-at-12-41-56-pm2016 was a big year of change in the standardized testing landscape.  Now that the rSAT has been in place for almost a year and the ACT has slipped in its own test changes, it is more clear how the two tests compare.  Keep in mind that there is no guarantee that more changes are not on the horizon (either subtly slipped in changes or announced changes)  For now though, below is a comparison of the ACT and the SAT as of January 2017

Total Time:

3 hours 50 min with essay (3 hours without essay) 3 hours 35 min with essay (2 hours 55 min without essay)


Questions/Concepts are Narrow and Deep Questions/Concepts are Broad and Shallow
60% of Math is Algebra 30% of Math is Algebra
There is  No-Calculator Section Calculator is allowed for entire math section
You have 83 seconds/question You have 60 seconds/question


Requires deep understanding and includes graphics (13 min/passage 10-11 questions/passage) 65 min total Requires quick and efficient reading (8.75 min/passage 10 questions/passage) 35 min total

English (very similar tests - grammar, editing, punctuation, rhetoric)

48 sec/question - includes graphs and charts and more main idea and author’s intent questions 36 sec/question

Science (neither test requires much specific science knowledge)

21 science questions included in the test -no separate science section Separate section -  requires quick interpretation, reasoning and analysis

Essay - Optional for Both SAT and ACT

Analyze a persuasive essay

Score is separate from the 800 Reading/Language and the 800 Math

Write a persuasive essay - ACT essay scoring has changed a lot in 2016

Score is not calculated in the composite but is calculated in the ELA subscore



Super-scoring: more schools super-score the SAT than the ACT (This decision is controlled by the colleges and is subject to change at any time. Checking the school’s website is the only way to know the school’s current policy.)

SAT Subject Tests: some schools that require SAT Subject Tests do not require the SAT Subject Tests when the student submits the ACT score (Rice, Tufts, McGill)


  • SAT extra time is added to each individual section (if given 1 hour to take the English Language, the student must wait that full hour before moving on to math) - SAT just made the process of getting accommodations simpler (yet to see if ACT will simplify their process as well)
  • ACT extra time is given for the test as a whole - The student moves through the test at his/her own pace and may leave the testing center if finished before the full added time is used.

Cancelling of Scores

  • SAT - you have until 11:59 EDT Wednesday after you take the test to cancel your scores
  • ACT - If you ordered that your scores be sent to schools, you have until Thursday noon central time after the Saturday you took the ACT to stop your ACT scores from being sent to the schools.  ACT also has a process to delete a test from record.

Sending of Scores

  • SAT - scores are ordered and sent in a bundle
  • ACT - scores are ordered and sent one test at a time

***all of the above information is subject to change - the only way to know the current information is to visit the SAT, ACT or college websites

EDNavigators recommends that all students take a full practice ACT and a full practice SAT before deciding which test to prepare for and take for real.  It is the only way to know which is better for the student and to avoid second-guessing the decision later in the process.

Ten Valuable Take-Aways from The HECA Conference in Philadelphia June 2016

I met many knowledgeable and caring professionals including other IECs (Independent Educational Consultants), college presidents, college admissions representatives, vendors and authors at the HECA conference in Philadelphia last week.  I toured eight college campuses, attended nine workshops and listened to leaders in the field speak about college admissions, Liberal Arts Colleges, the current and future state of higher education and the Coalition for Access and Admission in Higher Education. The conference was extremely valuable and information rich. These ten valuable take-aways offer only a glimpse of what was offered.

Ten Valuable Take-Aways from the HECA conference in Philadelphia June 2016

(- not all new information, but information that I feel is valuable for my students and families to know)

  1. Checking the box indicating that you are applying for financial aid in the college application can cause your application to be considered incomplete to the college until all financial firms are submitted.
  2. It is important that after registering for any future SAT test, students check the email associated with their College Board account. The College Board implemented a new plan in June 2016. Selected students who register for the test will receive an email stating that they are required to submit a Verification Form by a given deadline. If the form is not submitted by this deadline, College Board will cancel the student’s registration and credit the registration fee back to the credit card. Avoid the surprise of showing up for the SAT only to find that you are not actually registered.  Students MUST check their email often.
  3. There are three different routes to the military: Service Academies, ROTC (Reserve Officers Training Corps) and OCS (Officer Candidate School)  Each path has different requirements
  4. There is a company called New Frontiers in Learning that is full of trained professionals to help students with learning difficulties navigate the transition to college and learn to self advocate.
  5. HECA members as a whole are dedicated, collaborative, extremely caring and knowledgeable professionals in the field of college consulting.
  6. Liberal arts students are in demand: CIC Website For higher ed professionals - LiberalArtsPower For students and parents-  LiberalArtsLife Can you see yourself in this environment- @smartcolleges twitterfeed
  7. Purpose fuels GRIT and experiencing failure is essential to building resiliency
  8. Colleges want to admit students who will succeed there. If there is a concern about that, some colleges give the student a chance to try it out before committing. (Passport Program- St Joseph's University)
  9. Colleges and Universities have priorities in building their class each year. Their goal is to build a community of students who will help the university continue on its mission.
  10. Each college/university has special qualities just as each student does. The staff and faculty at those colleges really want their students to take advantage of all the school has to offer.
  • A pre-med student really can actively pursue the arts in college as well. Muhlenberg College, Swarthmore College
  • A women's college can be made as coed as the student desires it to be.
  • Traditions are strong on most campuses (Bryn Mawr /Haverford/ Lehigh/Lafayette)
  • Engineering and business can be combined. (Lehigh IBE, Villanova SBI)
  • Pass fail evaluations require exceptional knowledge of a given subject and/or field. (Swarthmore College Honors Program)
  • Intellectual curiosity is very important - Haverford College
  • Jesuit colleges have the mission of developing students of giving character with a strong appreciation of differences. (Villanova University, Saint Josephs University)
  • Not every arts focused student needs to present a portfolio for admission. For schools that do require it, specific types of art are required and the admissions staff is there to help students through the process. (Muhlenberg College, Tyler School of Art at Temple University, University of the Arts in Philadelphia)
  • There are colleges who aim to provide both admission decisions and financial aid awards to early admission applicants by December 20. (Drew University)
  • Sandy Aprahamian, EDNavigators LLC


    2016-2017 Essay Prompts Released

    Screen Shot 2016-01-28 at 5.57.15 PMThe prompts are the same as they were for the 2015-2016 application cycle. 2016-2017 Essay Prompts 1. Some students have a background, identity, interest, or talent that is so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it. If this sounds like you, then please share your story. 2. The lessons we take from failure can be fundamental to later success. Recount an incident or time when you experienced failure. How did it affect you, and what did you learn from the experience? 3. Reflect on a time when you challenged a belief or idea. What prompted you to act? Would you make the same decision again? 4. Describe a problem you've solved or a problem you'd like to solve. It can be an intellectual challenge, a research query, an ethical dilemma - anything that is of personal importance, no matter the scale. Explain its significance to you and what steps you took or could be taken to identify a solution. 5. Discuss an accomplishment or event, formal or informal, that marked your transition from childhood to adulthood within your culture, community, or family.

    The essay that results from one of these prompts is sometimes referred to as the personal statement portion of the college appliction.  It is one of a few or many essays a student will be asked to write during the college application process.  Since Fall of senior year tends to be very busy, a good time to work on the personal essay is the summer between junior and senior year.

    Do I Have to Take the Writing Section of the SAT or ACT?

      Screen_Shot_2016-01-13_at_12_53_41_PM 2With the College Board making the SAT Essay optional for SAT test takers beginning in March 2016 and the ACT, which already had a writing optional status, changing its writing section format,  many students are wondering if they need to take the writing section of either test.  

    In short, as with most college admissions related questions, the answer is:  It depends.  It depends upon which colleges/universities you are interested in.  Some colleges and universities have decided on their policy with regard to writing and some have yet to decide.  Since the list of where each school stands on the essay is continually being updated, it is best to check one or both of these links where the website owners, College Board, and Compass Prep are updating their information regularly.  If in doubt about a certain school, it is best to take the writing section of the tests just in case.

    Chart Compiled by Compass Prep

    College Board List addressing  SAT only

    Sandy Aprahamian, MEd.  EDNavigators LLC

    Seven Simple Comma Rules to Know for the ACT


    Use Commas in the following situations:Screen Shot 2015-12-10 at 3.11.02 PM


    • For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So to combine two complete sentence (if not combining two complete sentences, no comma)


    • a dependent clause that is followed by an independent clause (Before he ate cake, he ate dinner.)
    • an introductory word or phrase (However, …)


    • non-essential phrases in middle of sentence( …., however, ...)
    • non-essential appositive phrases 


    • items on a list (comma before and is optional)
    • adjectives when their order does not matter

    When in doubt, leave the comma out.

    Sandy Aprahamian, EDNavigators LLC

    Five Essential Components for Success on the ACTScreen Shot 2015-11-30 at 10.29.02 AM


    Attitude - Success requires a positive attitude.  Think, “If it can be done, I can do it!”.  You need to really WANT to do well and you must squash the ANT (Automatic Negative Thinking) Eliminate all negative thinking during prep and during the actual test.  There is no room or time for negative self-talk during the ACT.  

    Application - Work through retired ACT questions and take retired ACT practice tests before sitting for the real test. Understand the correct answer to every question you miss as question types repeat themselves on standardized tests.


    Content - Fully understand the content that is being tested

    Commitment - Make the test a priority.  Commit yourself to dedicated preparation and focusing on areas of weakness.


    Time - Finding time for quality test preparation is usually the biggest challenge in the life of high school students today. ACT success requires quality focused preparation time:dedicated work on content and retired ACT questions, timed full length practice tests, time put into reading and studies. Testing time is tight on the ACT.  You must work at a fast pace. Pace increases when you know what to expect on the test and have confidence solving similar questions - practice questions from retired tests.  Pace increases with practice under timed conditions - time yourself when taking practice tests and working on practice test sections.  Read this post for suggestions specific to increasing reading speed.

    Sandy Aprahamian, EDNavigators LLC

    Gap Year Information, College Affordability Information, Standardized Testing Updates, College Admission Represenatives ... all in one place

    Since the role of an Independent Educational Consultant is still unclear to many people, I thought I'd share some of the sessions that I attended at the IECA Fall Conference last week.  The conference included break-out educational sessions, two keynote addresses, hosted receptions, round table discussions, committee meetings, a vendor hall, a college fair and numerous other networking events.

    I attended the following Break-out Educational Sessions:

    • Gap Years:  What’s Out There, How to Structure One, and Simple Vetting Options
    • Testing College Readiness:   What are the Redesigned SAT and ACT Measuring and How Do We Best Prepare Our Students
    • Anatomy of a Financial Aid Award
    • The Fading of Facebook: the Evolution of Teenage Online Social Interactions

    I heard Keynote Addresses from:

    • Justin Bachman - 17 year-old high school senior with Tourette’s Syndrome, severe ADHD and dysgraphia
    • Ashely Merryman - Best-selling author and award-winning journalist (NurtureShock:  New Thinking About Children Top Dog: The Science of Winning and Losing)

    I attended Hosted Receptions/ Presentations from:

    • University of New Haven
    • Oak Meadow Independent Learning
    • Warren Wilson College

    I Visited the Following Booths at the Vendor Hall:

    • Colleges That Change Lives
    • American Gap Association
    • Summit Educational Group
    • YouScience
    • IECA Foundation
    • American Institute of Certified Educational Planners
    • College Affordability
    • College Cost Navigator
    • Guided Path
    • Wintergreen Orchard House
    • Human eSources, Ltd.

    I Met Representatives/Admissions Representatives from the following Colleges and Universities:

    • American University
    • Bucknell University
    • Eckerd College
    • Rollins College
    • University of Miami
    • University of Richmond
    • University of South Carolina
    • New York University
    • Quinnipiac University
    • Ursinus College
    • Susquehanna University
    • University of New Haven
    • Warren Wilson College

    It was an action-packed educational week.  I met great people and learned a lot.  In future posts, I will share, more specifically,  some of the key information I learned.

    Sandy Aprahamian, EDNavigators

    Practice Test Date for ACT Added

    Screen Shot 2014-07-11 at 9.04.50 PM

    EDNavigators will be offering a practice ACT in Malvern PA on Saturday, October 18, 2014 from 8AM-12PM.  Test details and registration information can be found here.  

    Basic overview of the ACT.

    The New SAT vs the Current SAT vs the ACT -A Preliminary Look

    More information on the ACT

    New College and Career Planning Software Added

      Screen Shot 2014-08-07 at 5.22.31 PM EDNavigators LLC is delighted to announce that we are using the  ACT Profile as a part of our educational consulting student intake inventory suite.  This college and career planning program measures a student’s self-reported interests, abilities and values to suggest potential college majors and career paths.

    Results generate a career map, a major map and an interest inventory.  All of these guides are interactive and valuable components to be used in finding a student’s “best-fit” college and career path.

    Screen Shot 2014-08-07 at 5.22.19 PMScreen Shot 2014-08-07 at 5.22.09 PM

    We are excited to include interpretation of these results as part of our new Narrow in on a “Best-Fit” College/University Type Based on Student’s Personality Type, Learning Style, Interests, Values and Abilities Package - Package IB.

    The ACT Profile has also been added to Package 1.  Current students who purchased Package 1 will receive an email within the next few days outlining how to access this new benefit.

    Sandy Aprahamian,EDNavigators LLC

    Attention High School Athletes: The Academic Index

    Ivy League Pennants What is the Academic Index (AI)? - The Academic Index is a tool used by the Ivy League Schools to measure a high school athlete's academic performance and to determine whether or not the student has the academic credentials necessary to be admitted to the school.

    Why is the Academic Index Important? - In order to be accepted by the admissions office of an Ivy League School, high school athletes who plan to play their sport in college must meet the school's Academic Index.  It has become more important to understand the AI early in high school as high school athletes are being offered early verbal commitments from coaches as early as freshman year of high school.  If a student has his/her heart set on any Ivy League school, it is essential that the student knows whether or not he/she can meet the Ivy League's AI before making a decision on the early verbal offer from another school.

    Two New York Times articles by Bill Pennington are great resources on the topic of the Academic Index (AI) -

    Before Recruiting in Ivy League, Applying Some Math The Graphic on the left of the article show sample calculations.

    A Rare Glimpse Inside the Ivy League’s Academic Index

    To Get a General Idea of your AI:

    Add the results of 1, 2 and 3 below together:

    1.  SAT or ACT Index Number:

    • If using SAT scores to calculate AI, add reading and math scores and divide by 20
    • If using ACT scores to calculate AI, multiply the ACT Composite Score by 2.23

    2.  The GPA Index Number (this index number used to be based on class rank)

    The university has a conversion table to convert grade point average to an Academic Index number. The conversion can handle any conceivable grading scale, weighted or unweighted. A couple examples:

    • 3.5 (out of 4.0) unweighted yields 73 AI points,
    • 3.7 weighted is 71 points
    • 3.3 unweighted is 70 points
    • 3.0 unweighted is worth 67 points

    3.  SAT or ACT Index Number from step one or SAT II Subject Tests:  Add your 2 best SAT II subject tests together and divide that total by 20.

    Another article with valuable information about affording an Ivy League education:

    Financial Aid Changes Game as Ivy Sports Teams Flourish by Bill Pennington

    Sandy Aprahamian, Principal- EDNavigators LLC


    Side By Side Comparison: SAT/Revised SAT/ACT - A Preliminary Look

    The New SAT vs the Current SAT vs the ACT

    A Preliminary Look

    Current SATTotal Time/#Questions Revised SAT - Effective For Class of 2017:(this is based on College Board’s 208 page DRAFT Release of Test Specifications for the Redesigned SAT found here:  https://www.collegeboard.org/delivering-opportunity/sat/redesign  **Some features of the new test, such as timing, length, and scores to be reported, may still be adjusted pending the outcome of CollegeBoard studiesThis new test will "go live" with the PSAT in the Fall of 2015 - until then, the Current SAT will be the only SAT offered.Total Time/#Questions ACT (With ACT update, reporting will change but the test will remain the same) Total Time/ #Questions
    Math 70min./54 Questions (approx 1/3 emphasis on geometry - includes algebra, sequences, permutations does not include  trig) 800 points 80 min/ 57 Questions(1/10 emphasis on geometry - includes trig,  a lot of algebra functions, algebra 2, area of circle, and complex numbers - more word problems with direct application to real-world events) 800 points 60min/60 Questions (pre-algebra, elementary algebra, intermediate algebra, coordinate geometry, plane geometry, and trigonometry)
    Reading 70min/67 Questions (Passage topics are random - includes uncommon vocabulary) 800 points 65 min/52 Questions (Passages will focus on science/history and social science - vocabulary will be tested in context) 400 points 35 min/ 40Questions (Passages broken down into Prose Fiction, Humanities, Social Science and Natural Science)
    Writing 60min/49 Questions (called writing)- revision of sentences 800 points 35 min/44 Questions (called writing and language) - revision of passages/may include tables/charts/graphs - 400 points 45 min/75 Questions (called English) - revision of passages
    Essay 25min/1 prompt score goes into writing score 50 min/ 1 prompt (optional) - graded separately from final math/reading/writing - will test reading and analysis as well as writing 30 min/ 1 prompt (optional)
    Science none (incorporated into reading,writing and math sections) 35 min/ 40 Questions
    Total 225 min (3 hours 45 min)/ 171 Questions 220 min (3 hours 50 min)/153 Questions 205 min/215 Questions
    Penalty for Guessing? yes no no
    Total Possible Points 2400 1600 **big change here in that math will be 800 possible points and reading and writing will be 800 possible points combined - this test places more weight on math than the current SAT - Essay will be scored separately 36
    Scores will be broken down by subject and concept no yes yes (there will be more detail with the new ACT reporting)
    Calculator allowed for entire math section? yes no yes


    Key Points -

    • The Revised SAT very similar to the ACT
    • Math will be more heavily weighted on the Revised SAT
    • EDNavigators recommends that the class of 2017 take the current SAT and/or the ACT because there are too many uncertainties about the format of the new SAT as well as the timing of score releases and concordance tables for the new SAT
    • We will continue to share information we get about test changes as soon as they are available

    How to prepare for these tests:

    • READ often
    • Understand math concepts - not just to get a good grade in school, but for yourself - You need to know the concepts after you are tested on them in class. The new SAT puts more weight on Math than the current SAT
    • Put down your calculator!  Practice math without using the calculator.  It won’t be allowed for part of the math section of the SAT
    • There are strategies, but no shortcuts.  Just like anything else in life, success comes from dedication and preparation.

    Sandy Aprahamian, EDNavigators LLC

    Another College Application Question With Varying Answers

    Screen Shot 2014-06-19 at 11.24.14 AMRising Seniors are encouraged to begin their college applications over the summer between Junior and Senior Year.  This sounds like a simple task, but considering that colleges work with different applications and on different timelines, it gets complicated quickly.  The first question students must find the answer to is:

    When Do College Applications Go Live?

    For schools that accept the Common Application and the Universal Application, these dates apply:

    • The Universal Application opens on July 1, 2014
    • The Common Application opens on August 1, 2014

    At some schools, like The University of Chicago, you can start and submit your supplement before you complete the Universal or Common App.

    Some schools with rolling admission, like Delaware Valley College, accept applications anytime after the student completes his/her junior year of high school. Others with rolling admission, like Pennsylvania State University make the application available September 1.

    Bottom Line:

    Check the website or call each school to which you plan to apply to get its specific application timeline.

    Use a system to keep track of what is due when.

    If you are planning to apply to colleges that accept the Universal Application or Common Application, start the main essay as soon as you can and supplemental essays (common app prompts are here) as soon as they are released by the school.  Early Decision/Early Action Dates of Nov. 1 and Nov 15 come quickly.

    Sandy Aprahamian, EDNavigators LLC



    How Should I Prepare My Rising Freshman/Rising Sophomore for the College Process?

    photo 2Though the bulk of the actual college application and test-prep work usually happens from the summer after tenth grade through senior year, there is plenty to do as rising freshman and sophomores to prepare for the college process and get on the right track. This is what I suggest:

    Introduce them to the many paths available after high school

    • career types and education and experience required to get there
    • types of higher education available

    Help them learn about themselves

    • discover and utilize their strengths, weaknesses, personality type and learning style
    • discover what it is they most enjoy
    • find what they desire in education and in life
    • help them discover what they need to do to reach their goals

    Set them up with a personalized student portal where they can research colleges, universities and requirements and keep their research organized.

    Have them take a full practice SAT and a full practice ACT ***

    • the process of taking the full retired test demystifies the test and reduces the anxiety that comes from not knowing what to expect (The PSAT and ACT shortened version are NOT the same as the full-length test. The fact that they are not as long, eliminates the important components of pacing and endurance.)
    • comprehensive diagnostic results highlight strengths and weaknesses
    • results can motivate students to stay focused in school, see why what they are learning matters, and keep them on-task during the busy and demanding times that lie ahead for them
    • the experience and results help students determine which test will be the better one for them

    ***I am recommending that students who will graduate from high school in 2017 focus on only the ACT at this time. The new SAT, which the class of 2017 will be taking, is not yet released. The new format will be significantly different from the current SAT.

    Important Note for Athletes who have potential to verbally commit early to a college - You may want to take the steps above as early as the summer before 8th grade. This will help you find a “best-fit” college/university where you can play your sport, fit-in academically and socially, and reach your personal and academic goals.

    Click here for my rising freshman/rising sophomore/potential early commit package.  All services can be performed either in person or virtually with the exception of the practice tests which should be completed in person.

    Sandy Aprahamian, EDNavigators

    Homework, Sleep, Habits

      Ghandi - HabitsEdutopia's blog post today,  Homework, Sleep, and the Student Brain was right in line with a recent discussion I had with my students - about what homework was like “back when I was in high school”…a book, a pencil, a notebook - no phone, internet or social media distractions…It was easier to go to bed by 11PM in high school, stay healthy and earn good grades.

    The distractions technology presents to students today can not be eliminated.  Students need internet access to complete school assignments.  For today's student, time management and the ability to stay on task are essential skills for success. To ignore distractions, students need a positive Mindset and powerful habits.

    Books I recommend that address these topics include:

    Sandy Aprahamian, Independent Educational Consultant, EDNavigators, LLC